Zambian Breweries Plc 2010 Annual Report

first_imgZambian Breweries Plc (ZAMBRW.zm) listed on the Lusaka Securities Exchange under the Beverages sector has released it’s 2010 annual report.For more information about Zambian Breweries Plc (ZAMBRW.zm) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Zambian Breweries Plc (ZAMBRW.zm) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Zambian Breweries Plc (ZAMBRW.zm)  2010 annual report.Company ProfileZambian Breweries Plc (Zambrew) is a brewing and beverages company; producing and marketing a wide range of clear beers and soft drinks. The company has a virtual monopoly on clear brew products in Zambia, with popular South African brands in its product range such as Castle Lager, Redd’s, Castle Lite, Carling Black Label and Ohlsson’s Lager. The company also produces strong, local brands to cater for local tastes which are marketed under the Mosi Lager and Eagle Lager brand name. The Soft Drinks division produces well-known international brands, including Coca-Cola, Sprite, Fanta and Schweppes. The company has two breweries and three bottling plants in Zambia. SABMiller has a majority stake in Zambrew (87%). SABMiller is one of the world’s largest brewers, with more 200 beer brands in its international product portfolio. Zambian Breweries Plc is listed on the Lusaka Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Safaricom Limited (SCOM.ke) HY2017 Interim Report

first_imgSafaricom Limited (SCOM.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Technology sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the half year.For more information about Safaricom Limited (SCOM.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Safaricom Limited (SCOM.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Safaricom Limited (SCOM.ke)  2017 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileSafaricom Limited is an integrated telecommunications company in Kenya providing mobile, fixed voice, data, SMS, Internet and M-PESA services. The company sells mobile phones and tablets as well as broadband modems and routers. It also offers its customers data bundles for pre- and post-paid customers; pre- and post-paid voice plans and SMS services for national and international roaming; Okoa Jahazi for emergency top-up credit; and Flex plans for browsing, calling and SMSing. Bonga Points is a customer loyalty programme and M-PESA is a mobile telephone service to deposit, transfer and withdraw money as well as pay for goods and services. Other services offered include website and email, calling and cloud and hosting services. Safaricom Limited’s head office is in Nairobi, Kenya. Safaricom Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

Online tool launches to boost charity trustees’ digital skills

first_img Melanie May | 4 June 2020 | News Tagged with: Digital trustees  363 total views,  3 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis6 A new tool launches today to help charity trustees and leaders improve their digital skills during Covid-19, and their digital decision making both now and in the future.The digital checklist is voluntary, free to access, and includes best practice advice to help charities improve their digital activity, with tips on developing digital services, setting up remote working and people management systems, optimising digital fundraising platforms, digitalising governance processes, incorporating digital activity into strategy and making the most of resources.The checklist has been developed as part of the Charity Digital Code of Practice, which launched in November 2018, and has been created in partnership with Catalyst. The Code’s steering group, which includes representatives from across the sector and is chaired by independent digital expert Zoe Amar, was inspired to develop the checklist in response to the increased pressure on all charities due to the current climate.The digital checklist was tested with trustees and charity advisors from nine different organisations. D’Arcy Myers, Chair of Trustees for the Association of Charitable Organisations, was one of the early testers of the checklist and said:“Many charity trustees are put off by the word ‘digital’ and it is often tempting to leave decisions about digital activity to other board members if you don’t feel confident about your own knowledge and skills. To govern successfully we need collective decision making at Board level and this applies to digital strategy too. The great thing about this new checklist is that it’s accessible to everyone. It is a tool which can bring an understanding of digital to the entire Board, giving them everything they need to understand what they should be aiming to achieve and how to go about it.”Zoe Amar added: Advertisement Online tool launches to boost charity trustees’ digital skillscenter_img “The last two months have been extremely challenging for the charity sector and it’s crucial that digital activity is prioritised if we are going to adapt and respond to the ‘new normal’. Upskilling charity organisations of all sizes must include our charity trustees and advisors so they have a clear understanding of the threats and opportunities facing their organisations.“I’m delighted that we can share this checklist as part of the wider Charity Digital Code of Practice to help Boards tackle this challenging environment and inspire them to embrace digital activity. This ultimately will not just benefit the charities they support but also the service users and beneficiaries who rely on them.”Earlier this month, findings from the Charity Digital Skills Report survey showed that during this pandemic, one in three charities has cancelled services due to a lack of digital skills.  362 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis6 About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com.last_img read more

Murders of protesters in Oaxaca condemned

first_imgIn response to the police killing of eight activists and injuries to more than 100 others at a teachers’ protest in Nochixtlan, Oaxaca, Mexico, on June 19, people rallied outside the Mexican Consulate in Philadelphia on June 20. The Philadelphia Solidarity With #Oaxaca protest demanded that the police assassins be brought to justice, and that all the teachers and unionists arrested be released alive and unharmed, including leaders of National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE).Teachers in CNTE are resisting President Enrique Peña Nieto’s education reforms that would impose mandatory testing on teachers and leave schools in rural areas unable to function. Police opened fire as teachers and their supporters blockaded roads, staged mass marches and set up encampments. Mexican Federal Police are notorious for scores of political disappearances, murders and cases of torture. In November 2014, some 43 students at a rural teachers college in Ayotzinapa were disappeared by police in collaboration with a drug cartel. This crime led to massive protests against government violence and corruption that continue to this day.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Fort Worth responds to increasing trash build-up

first_imgprintJust before the sun rises, garbage trucks are released to roam the streets and gather curbside trash. Once full, these trucks drive to the Southeast Landfill, where they climb up a hill of compressed waste to dump the day’s delivery on top of about 40 years of Fort Worth garbage. From shredded tires to dirt-covered stuffed animals, this landfill has it all.The total Fort Worth population has increased by 14.7 percent since 2010. Thus, the total generation of municipal waste has been increasing.But the Fort Worth City Council plans to cut the amount of trash going into the landfill by 40 percent.The Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Plan, adopted on Sept. 12 and scheduled to remain in effect until 2037, plans to use recycling and other methods to reduce the size of and preserve the city’s landfill.The Southeast Landfill was built in 1976-1977, is operated by Republic Services, and covers 303 acres — that’s larger than TCU’s 272 acres. It is the only destination for Fort Worth trash.Starting in 2005, the landfill allowed trash to be piled vertically above the ground like mini mountains, and at the current rate, the landfill will be full in an estimated 22 to 23 years. At present volume, the landfill takes between 3,000 and 4,000 tons of waste per day; 10 years ago, it could only take about 800 tons per day due to restrictions on filling the trash above ground.“Back in the day, they didn’t allow trash to go above ground, but they know now you can fill it vertically,” said Southeast Landfill operations supervisor Jane Berry. “So you’re creating a pyramid.”The city has identified several alternative ways of handling waste at the landfill in the mid-to-long term:Expand the landfillIdentify and develop Fort Worth’s next landfillBuild a dual stream transfer station at the landfill for trans-loading waste and recyclables by tractor trailer or railroadCreate a public‐private landfill developmentPush for improved recycling, waste reduction and composting effortsThe previous city landfill, the Fort Worth Regional Landfill, filled a space of about 100 acres of trash and closed in 1995. Now the old landfill is a grassy hill in northeast Fort Worth.When the Southeast Landfill is full and no longer usable, the trash will be sealed shut and vegetation will be planted over the top.Landfill CostAccording to Berry, the replacement for a landfill can take seven to ten years to plan and the development can be very costly.“Operating a landfill is extremely expensive — just the permit is millions of dollars,” she said.In 2017, the total Solid Waste Fund for the city is $63,448,352. The Solid Waste Fund will be provided income from collection of the city’s solid waste and other sources in the city manager’s budget.It is $82 for a resident of Fort Worth to bring their trash to the landfill, and the city garbage trucks negotiate their price. At the Southeast Landfill, $3,579,352 will be paid in 2017 just for the landfill lease revenue.Other expenses include vehicles that Republic Services operates at the landfill such as:Two articulated dump trucksOne excavatorOne motor graderThree, soon to be four, landfill compactorsSix track dozersLandfill compactors are driven up and down the trash piles every day from open to close to tightly pack in the trash. These compactors are replaced every five years and the $40,000 tires are replaced every six months.Ground Water PollutionThe city landfill hasn’t had any ground water contamination, but it continues to protect against pollution with ground water monitoring wells and a slurry wall.“Back in the day, they put landfills by rivers and creeks and these contaminated the water,” Berry said. “Modern landfills have a very strict criterion for lining it, and the slurry wall in a landfill will prevent liquid from going in and out of the landfill.”According to Berry, the landfill cannot have more than one foot of water underneath it. Ground water is intensely monitored at the landfill and if there’s any deviants in ground water, Republic Services ups their testing.Gas EmissionThe current landfill gas management plan is designed to reduce landfill gases released into the atmosphere by using wells and a flare. Extraction wells pull out gas from the landfill and send it through tubes underground to the flare. The 45-foot tall flare burns off the gas by shooting it through a tube and into the air.“You can see clear flames at night,” Berry said. “But the flare is 98.9 percent destructive efficiency, meaning it can’t pollute the air.”Future LandfillWhen the city begins to look for a new site for a future landfill, there is an abundance of restrictions. Before a landfill can be built, an environmental impact study must be done to determine:The area of land for the landfillThe composition of the underlying soil and bedrockThe surface water in the areaThe impact on the local environment and animalsThe historical value of the proposed areaThe construction begins after the study is complete, money is raised and the permit is granted.Waste Drop-Off StationsSome trash goes to drop-off stations before being taken to the landfill. Four drop-off stations take waste such as trash, tree limbs and brush, recyclable materials, household chemicals and other donated items.Household chemicals station at the Brennan Drop-off Station. (Photo by Elizabeth Hinz.)Brennan Drop-off Station employee Jesus Ramirez said during the week, around 200 people drop off waste, and on the weekends around 400 or 500 people.To increase recycling at the landfill, Living Earth works under subcontract to Republic Services to produce mulch from trash. Tree branches, raw wood, leaves and grass clippings thrown away at the drop-off stations or the landfill are ground up to produce mulch that the landfill sells in bulk.Recycling bin at the Brennan Drop-off Station. (Photo by Elizabeth Hinz.)According to Berry, the landfill has been producing mulch for four or five years.“They don’t use any chemicals,” she said. “They use all-natural dyes.”Can at Brennan Drop-off Station containing branches that will be ground into mulch. (Photo by Elizabeth Hinz.)This alternative way of recycling is just one way Fort Worth plans to use trash to reduce the size of the city landfill. Facebook Facebook Elizabeth Hinz is a sophomore journalism major from Sugar Land, Texas. Twitter + posts Elizabeth Hinzhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-hinz/ Cost of textbooks on the rise Grains to grocery: One bread maker brings together farmers and artisans at locally-sourced store ReddIt Elizabeth Hinzhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-hinz/ Abortion access threatened as restrictive bills make their way through Texas Legislature Previous articleHoroscope: October 30, 2017Next articleUpdate: Chancellor responds to white supremacy posters found outside of Tandy Hall Elizabeth Hinz RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORcenter_img Linkedin Fort Worth set to elect first new mayor in 10 years Saturday Recruitment brings college dance opportunities to Arlington Heights High School ReddIt Twitter Elizabeth Hinzhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-hinz/ Study ranks TCU third for liquor-law violations per 10,000 students Elizabeth Hinz Supreme Court allows Birdville prayer case to stand Linkedin Elizabeth Hinzhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-hinz/last_img read more

UPDATE: TCU should have known about Turpin’s New Mexico battery charge

first_imgFacebook What to watch during quarantine Twitter ReddIt Twitter Robbie Vaglio Robbie Vagliohttps://www.tcu360.com/author/robbie-vaglio/ Facebook TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history Two students joined harassment and discrimination lawsuit against TCU Previous articleWhat we’re reading: A little early voting surpriseNext articleListen: Ball Don’t Lie: Preseason Predictions (Almost) Robbie Vaglio RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Robbie Vagliohttps://www.tcu360.com/author/robbie-vaglio/ Robbie Vagliohttps://www.tcu360.com/author/robbie-vaglio/center_img + posts printUpdate: All of the March charges against KaVontae Turpin were filed on the same day and would have been on the same criminal complaint form, a Las Cruces Court Clerk said. Turpin was charged with a battery charge, a criminal damage to the property of a household member and interference with communications charge.“The football staff reviewed a commercial website that provides arrest records, but that account was incomplete,” the university said in a statement Tuesday evening. “Our team did not do enough to get the full story. We would not have allowed Turpin to play had we known about an outstanding arrest warrant.”This contradicts what head coach Gary Patterson said Tuesday afternoon. He said he was made aware of the out-of-state bench warrant issued against Turpin.“July was when his court date was and when the bench warrant was given,” said Patterson. “This is the information that I had. It didn’t say anything about anything else, didn’t say anything about anybody.”TCU has yet to respond with clarification of the contradicting statements.Patterson: ‘KaVontae will not be allowed on our football team anymore’Turpin played his last game as a Horned Frog Saturday.Following a day of revelations about allegations of domestic abuse, Patterson said Tuesday Turpin had been dismissed from the team.His dismissal completes several days of highs and lows for the wide receiver who played one of the best games in his career Saturday, only to find himself under arrest Sunday on a charge of assault with bodily injury to a family member.After Sunday’s arrest came revelations that Turpin was arrested for battery in March in Las Cruces, New Mexico.“KaVontae will not be allowed to be on our football team anymore,” said Patterson. “This is not something that will be tolerated.”In addition to March’s battery charge, Turpin was charged with criminal damage to household property under $1,000 and interference with communications.Patterson said an unnamed player told the coaching staff about Turpin’s spring break arrest.Patterson said the team was only aware of the property damage charges until Monday. He said the team saves every document they receive and the information he received said nothing about the assault.Patterson said he did not speak to Turpin after the spring break altercation. Instead, Turpin spoke with an assistant.“I would have liked to know more,” said Patterson.He added that Turpin did not reveal anything about the altercation to the team.Turpin’s arrest does not change how the football staff investigates their players.“The bottom line is if we know information, we’re going to do something about it,” said Patterson.TCU football staff was aware of New Mexico incident, unaware of assault chargesKaVontae Turpin was previously arrested in March for assault on a family member. Image courtesy of Las Cruces Magistrate Court.News of Turpin’s arrest in New Mexico during spring break didn’t come as a surprise to the TCU football staff.But on Tuesday, they said they weren’t aware of why he had been charged.The university said the information they reviewed only showed the property damage charge and that they did not know until Monday that the legal issues were unresolved.Turpin’s legal troubles reached Texas on Sunday when Fort Worth police arrested him on a charge of assault with bodily injury to a family member. Under Texas law, if people are in a dating or romantic relationship, they can be considered family members.Turpin was released from the Tarrant County jail Monday on a $1,000 bond. He has not responded to requests for comment.Turpin’s mother posted on a TCU facebook page and asked for “his true supporters” to keep her family in their prayers.Turpin’s mother on a TCU facebook page regarding her sonInitially, Coach Gary Patterson said Turpin was suspended for Saturday’s game. As of Tuesday, Patterson declared, “KaVontae Turpin will not be allowed to play on our football team anymore.”Turpin was charged March 15 with battery of a household member, criminal damage to a household property under $1,000 and interference with communications, according to the arrest affidavit from the Las Cruces Magistrate Court. Turpin pleaded not guilty to battery charges and household property damage.Battery of a household member consists of the unlawful application of force in a rude, insolent or angry manner.The Las Cruces Magistrate Court confirmed Monday there is a bench warrant out for Turpin’s arrest after he failed to appear in court in July for his pre-trial hearing. ReddIt I am the executive editor of TCU 360 from Raleigh, North Carolina. If you walk by my desk in the newsroom you’ll immediately know I’m Post Malone’s biggest fan. I’m always looking for a good story to tell! If you have any story ideas, feel free to reach out! Go Panthers! Linkedin Snow temporarily stepping down as honors dean Robbie Vagliohttps://www.tcu360.com/author/robbie-vaglio/ Linkedin The College of Science and Engineering Dean, Phil Hartman, retires after 40 consecutive years TCU wants ex-professor’s discrimination suit dismissed World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution last_img read more

PG&E to shut down power to some California residents as fire season gets underway

first_imgiStock/Thinkstock(SAN JOSE, Calif.) — Pacific Gas & Electric is taking preventative measures this weekend as fire season kicks into high gear by shutting off power to several communities in California’s Bay Area. The response comes as part of new guidelines instituted by the company last September during the deadliest and most destructive wildfire season on record. PG&E power lines have been blamed for sparking many of California’s worst fires in recent years, including the Camp Fire, which killed 85 people and burned through nearly 20,000 structures last November.Some of the first red flag warnings of the season were issued on Friday due to the high fire risk south of San Jose all the way north to Redding.PG&E said it will be shutting down power to parts of Yolo, Napa and Sonoma counties on Saturday. “We know how much our customers rely on electric service and would only consider temporarily turning off power in the interest of safety during extreme weather conditions,” Michael Lewis, PG&E’s senior vice president of Electric Operations, said in a statement Friday.Customers are notified by automated texts, email and phone.Though it had been suspected for months, Cal Fire officially named PG&E as being responsible for the Camp Fire last month.“CAL FIRE has determined that the Camp Fire was caused by electrical transmission lines owned and operated by Pacific Gas and Electricity (PG&E) located in the Pulga area,” Cal Fire said in a statement on May 15. “The investigation identified a second ignition sight near the intersection of Concow Rd. and Rim Rd. The cause of the second fire was determined to be vegetation into electrical distribution lines owned and operated by PG&E.”The company filed for bankruptcy in January in anticipation of the money they will need to pay out as a result of a number of lawsuits. It said in a release on Jan. 29 it was “working very hard to address future wildfire risks.”California Gov. Gavin Newsom warned PG&E the state expects those impacted by the wildfires will receive fair treatment.“Wildfire survivors, employees and customers deserve to have a seat at the table during this bankruptcy process,” Newsom said in a statement in February. “These groups don’t have the resources of many of PG&E’s Wall Street creditors, but they will be directly impacted by the bankruptcy’s results and deserve to have substantial representation in bankruptcy court.”PG&E CEO Geisha Williams resigned in January, ahead of the bankruptcy filing, over the company’s handling of wildfires and was replaced by interim CEO John R. Simon.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

Safety training criticised

first_img Comments are closed. Safety training criticisedOn 23 May 2000 in Personnel Today Related posts:No related photos. Previous Article Next Article Safety training given to rail staff has come under heavy criticism in the inquiry into the Paddington train crash.An off-duty guard who rescued passengers from the wreckage claimed accident training standards had fallen since rail privatisation.Mike Thomas, a manager with Virgin Trains, short-circuited the line to prevent further trains ploughing in to the collision, in which 31 people died, in October 1999.Giving evidence, Thomas said he had not taken part in a simulated emergency exercise for three or four years.He was reported as saying, “Since privatisation, I feel we have not had as much training as we should. If people coming into the industry have not had the training, they might run around like headless chickens.”But a Virgin Trains spokeswoman told Personnel Today it was “not realistic” to expect the company to stage mock emergencies to train staff.She said, “Virgin is a massive company and to make all its employees do mock disasters would be impossible.”She said Thomas had received fire training, participated in an HST training course, watched a safety training video and participated in a train managers’ rules and regulations exam in the months before the inquiry. Staff who did not pass the exam were not retained, the spokeswoman said.Following the crash Thomas collected safety clips from the guard’s compartment and placed them behind the train, which short-circuited the line to ensure signals nearby turned red.A crash survivor condemned safety standards aboard the Great Western train involved in the crash.First aider Andrew Cowgill of Cirencester, Gloucestershire, said he could not find first aid equipment to help other passengers.• The Director of Public Prosecutions last week ruled out any charges of corporate manslaughter arising from the inquiry.last_img read more

NHS helps smokers to quit

first_imgRelated posts:No related photos. Smoking cessation services hailed a success as targets are exceeded by 50per centMore than 61,000 smokers gave up the habit in the past year after receivinghelp from NHS smoking cessation services, according to the Department ofHealth. Some 126,800 smokers set a date to give up smoking in England in the past 12months, and nearly half – 61,000 – had been successful a month later. Smoking cessation services were launched within health action zones in 1999and have been provided in all health authorities since April last year. This has made an extended range of services available, including a nationaltelephone helpline, nicotine replacement therapy and smoking cessation aids onprescription. Specialist services are available for pregnant women. The Government is committed to spending more than £53m on NHS smokingcessation services up to 2002 and to bringing in legislation that bans tobaccoadvertising – although there was no mention of it in this year’s Queen’sSpeech. Health Minister Lord Hunt said, “Smoking causes 120,000 deaths in theUK each year and treating smoking-related diseases costs the NHS about £1.7bn ayear. “The services have already exceeded their target for the first year by50 per cent and justify the substantial funding that we are providing.” However, plans to ban smoking in the workplace have been scrapped by theGovernment following pressure from the pub and restaurant trade. Ministers have rejected advice from the Health and Safety Commission for alegal code that would have forced employers either to ban smoking or takestringent measures to protect staff from others’ smoke. Passive smoking for just 30 minutes can temporarily damage your heart, astudy by scientists in Japan has concluded. The study, published in the Journalof the American Medical Association, found passive smoking for half an hourdramatically affected the circulation of blood within the hearts ofnon-smokers. Comments are closed. NHS helps smokers to quitOn 1 Sep 2001 in Personnel Today Previous Article Next Articlelast_img read more

The ‘ticking time-bomb’ of chronic illness

first_img Previous Article Next Article The ‘ticking time-bomb’ of chronic illnessOn 1 Mar 2019 in Cancer, Disability, Sickness absence management, Occupational Health, Personnel Today One Response to The ‘ticking time-bomb’ of chronic illness ‘Compelling case’ for weekly Covid testing of NHS staff, say MPsMPs have said there is a ‘compelling case’ for weekly testing of NHS staff to stop the health service becoming… To whom it may concernI have a long-term condition and I really would like to work. It is IBS, rhinitis, food intolerance occasionally. Can you offer me any advice on this please.Thank youDeborah Stevens Related posts: Guidance aiming to help healthcare professionals manage ‘long Covid’New guidance has been published on managing the long-term health effects of Covid-19, or so-called ‘long Covid’.The guidance by… Reply Deborah Stevens 16 Aug 2019 at 1:44 pm # Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.Comment Name (required) Email (will not be published) (required) Website Photo: Shutterstock Many employers and workplaces are simply not set up to accommodate the realities of employees having progressive, chronic, terminal or fluctuating health conditions and work. But, as our working population ages, employers will increasingly need to get with the programme, emphasises Jen Remnant.The UK workforce is ageing, as the age at which UK citizens can access their state pension has increased, and will continue increasing in response to an ageing population more generally.This has very particular implications for the health of the workforce, as illness, especially long-term conditions such as cancer, type two diabetes and arthritis, are not evenly distributed across age groups. Most experiences of disability and long-term illness are concentrated within the middle and later stages of life so, as the workforce ages, the number of people managing long term conditions in the workplace can be expected to grow.About the authorJen Remnant is a post-doctoral research fellow in the School of Management, University of St Andrews. Her research focuses on the work and welfare experiences of people experiencing ill healthThis represents a huge challenge to employing organisations, and occupational health departments working within them. Firstly, managing illness is expensive. Employees with cancer, for example, take an average of 151 days of sick leave.After stress-related health issues and back pain, cancer has been identified by employers as one of the main causes of long term sickness absences. Not only does this come at great expense to the employee themselves, but also to their employer and the UK economy more widely. Half the total economic cost of cancer to the UK (approximately £7.6 billion) is due to premature deaths and time off work.The second key issue relating to long-term ill health in the workplace is the conflict between the physical realities of having a progressive, chronic, terminal or fluctuating condition, and work and welfare systems predicated on an acute, or short-term understanding of illness. Sick leave policies presume that an employee, after a period of being unwell, will return to good health and resume their pre-illness responsibilities.Lack of protections and provisionWorkspaces and tasks are designed with healthy, non-disabled bodies in mind. Though disabled workers, including those with cancer, HIV and multiple sclerosis, are afforded specific workplace protections under the Equality Act (2010) these protections lack efficacy. There is convincing evidence that disabled and ill employees are not provided with adequate support, or protection from harassment and bullying when back in the workplace.Older workers experiencing ill-health are situated dangerously at the intersection between ableism and ageism and face worrying insecurity and precarity in their work. Especially those whose work is physical.Research has shown for both disabled employees and older workers that managers and employers deliver positive policy-like rhetoric, but harbour negative views personally about the capacity of those workers.Two tools used to slim down workforces can be argued to almost exclusively affect older workers and disabled workers – voluntary redundancy and early retirement – leaving people years away from their state pension, and unattractive on the labour market.Deindustrialisation and organisational restructuring have also been shown to increase the risk of job loss for older workers over recent decades, an issue that is likely to be exacerbated by the continued technologisation of workplaces, and preference for robots over humans. Robots, of course, do not get diabetes.There are increasing concerns about the standard and nature of employing practices more widely, with employers regularly resorting to zero-hour, fixed term or “self-employed” contracts for their staff.There is also a persistent resistance from many employers to the universal provision of the living wage. People experiencing long-term ill health experience higher costs in the household than their non-ill counterparts.Travel to and from medical appointments, higher heating costs and clothing bought to facilitate fluctuating weight (as some examples) add up. They are often stuck between poorly remunerated work and the limited generosity (or indeed flexibility) of the UK state welfare system, should they have recourse to it.Challenge of accommodating long-term illnessThe challenge for occupational health then, is huge. OH is situated in institutions that are not designed to accommodate long-term illness. Similarly, much of their time is be taken up with healthy workforce initiatives and health and safety.However, it is incumbent on current employing institutions to adapt the workplace and the workforce to facilitate the lengthening working life of their employees. This will involve progress on numerous fronts; policy, interpersonal relationships, working patterns, pay (including sick pay), communication and training.Utilising advice and guidance from occupational health staff, employers, particularly line managers, will need to find appropriate ways to support people experiencing varied illness trajectories, when on sick leave and when returning to the workplace.The increasing number of people experiencing long-term ill health in the workplace represents a potential time bomb, with huge social and economic implications for individuals, employers, local communities and the economy more widely.Focus needs to be redirected toward the positive contributions older and disabled working age people can and do make to labour force, and society in general. It is imperative that employers instigate changes so that the UK labour force reflects the challenges that lie ahead, and do not rely on an outdated, short term model of illness.ReferencesAn Ageing Workforce, Houses of Parliament Postnote No 391, October 2011, https://www.parliament.uk/pagefiles/504/postpn391_Ageing-Workforce.pdfAge and Cancer Risk, National Cancer Institute, https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/ageAge of Onset for Type 2 Diabetes: Know Your Risk, https://www.healthline.com/health/type-2-diabetes-age-of-onsetCancer’s Hidden Price Tag: revealing the costs behind the illness, Macmillan Cancer Research, https://www.macmillan.org.uk/_images/Cancers-Hidden-Price-Tag-report-England_tcm9-270862.pdfHealth and wellbeing at work: a survey of employees (RR751), Department for Work and Pensions, July 2011, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/health-and-well-being-at-work-rr751Factors that Increase Risk of Getting Arthritis, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/risk-factors.htmMehnert, A, Employment and work-related issues in cancer survivors, Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2011 Feb;77(2):109-30. doi: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2010.01.004. Epub 2010 Feb 8. Found online at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20117019Changes to the State Pension Age, Age UK, https://www.ageuk.org.uk/information-advice/money-legal/pensions/changes-to-state-pension-age/Luengo-Fernandez R et al. Economic burden of cancer across the European Union: a population-based cost analysis. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Nov;14(12):1165-74. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70442-X. Epub 2013 Oct 14. Available online at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24131614Conditions automatically treated as a disability – The Equality Act and Cancer, MS and HIV, ACAS, http://www.acas.org.uk/index.aspx?articleid=5847‘Over Half Of Disabled People Have Been Bullied At Work, Charity Finds: “Not acceptable,” says Scope’, Huffington Post, February 2017, https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/over-half-of-disabled-people-have-been-bullied-at-work-charity-finds_uk_58a1f2cce4b03df370d8e0fb?guccounter=1Lorretto, W and White, P. Employers’ attitudes, practices and policies towards older workers. Human Resource Management Journal, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2006.00013.x, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2006.00013.xHutton, M et al. Disability and Job Search Among Older Workers: A Narrative Review. International Journal of Disability Management. Vol 12, December 2012, pp27-34. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-disability-management/article/disability-and-job-search-among-older-workers-a-narrative-review/D8F51641C013657026676C2482B02F08last_img read more