The much-traveled path through Harvard College is a four-year cycle that ends in a breathtaking Commencement ceremony on Harvard Yard each spring.But every Harvard student has a unique story, and sometimes their individual choices take students on journeys toward graduation off the traditional cycle.Family, friends, classmates, professors, and school officials gathered last Friday to celebrate the accomplishments of this year’s class of more than 100 seniors at the Midyear Graduates Recognition Ceremony in the Radcliffe Institute’s Knafel Center.“Some of these unplanned detours can lead to some of the most magical and exhilarating experiences of our lives, despite the momentary shock and reconsideration that it can cause,” Rakesh Khurana, the Danoff Dean of Harvard College, told attendees gathered at the ceremony. “Life intervenes, and we have to grapple with uncertainty, and it is in those moments of uncertainty that we encounter serendipity.”Educational detours can be both planned and unplanned. Some students accelerate their studies and graduate early. Others take time off from school for internships or for personal projects, travel, or family emergencies. Gabriel Bayard ’15 worked on a campaign for a labor movement in Boston and took a break from his Harvard studies.“I figured it would be really helpful to me to take a breath away from Harvard, but still be in Boston and be around friends,” he said. “It was a great decision.”Julia F.P. Ostmann ’15-16, chosen by the 2016 Senior Class Committee to reflect on her experience at the College, reminded the audience of the struggles of poet T.S. Eliot, who was once placed on academic probation by the College. She said that Eliot took a nontraditional path to eventual success, eventually graduating early from Harvard and in 1948 winning the Nobel Prize in Literature.“What I believe is that in taking time off or in choosing to graduate early — in committing to field research in India or freelance writing or White House internships or taking the time and space to heal — or in my case 113 episodes of ‘Parks and Recreation’ — our attention shifts,” said Ostmann. “We stand outside of Harvard, and we see it differently. Maybe just slightly, maybe just enough to gain a newfound appreciation … or maybe you finally feel you get it.”,In her faculty address, Maria Tatar, the John L. Loeb Professor of Germanic Languages and Literatures and of Folklore and Mythology, told students there is great value in the struggles and challenges of life. She reminded seniors to continue creating even in the face of rejection and to always be present in life.“You are facing chaos, chance, serendipity, and life suddenly resembles a pinball game,” she said. “Failures, the moments of gloom and exhaustion in your life, are exactly what will set you right.”Philip Lovejoy, executive director of the Harvard Alumni Association, reminded students that their connection to Harvard does not end with graduation and encouraged them to tap into the vast network of alumni around the world.“You can continue to be the change here, working to make Harvard a better version of itself,” he said. “Alumni lead Harvard. Alumni champion and protect the University.”The ceremony marked a journey of accomplishment for Virginia Marcus ’15, who took more than a year off to explore the entertainment industry where she hopes to find a career.“All my friends have graduated, but this is wonderful and I’m so excited,” she said. “I’m moving to [Los Angeles] in January, and I’m terrified, but I’m so inspired.”It was also a proud day for Bayard’s parents, Mireya Herrera and Jean Pierre Bayard, who traveled from California to attend the ceremony.“It’s emotional, and we hope that he finds his way,” said Bayard. “It’s a great education and he is well set for the future.”Khurana told the students that he sees much promise in their futures and in their ability to make a contribution to the world.“I hope [Harvard] has given you an independent mind, a spirit that dares to explore, a commitment to inclusivity, and a heart that reaches out to others and sees others with gentler eyes,” he said. “I hope it has transformed you and that it will help you develop the will to tackle the real problems that confront our world, and move our society in the direction we need to go to, and thrive.”The ceremony is not intended to serve as a replacement for Commencement. Graduates and families wishing to learn more about receiving diplomas and walking in May are invited to contact the FAS Registrar’s Office and the Harvard Alumni Association.
Apple Inc.’s refusal to help the FBI retrieve information from an iPhone belonging to one of the shooters in the terrorist attack in San Bernardino, Calif., has thrust the tug-of-war on the issue of privacy vs. security back into the spotlight.As the legal wrangling to untangle the case widens, the Gazette spoke separately with George Bemis Professor of Law Jonathan Zittrain and cyber-security expert Michael Sulmeyer about the inherent tensions in the case, in which two important principles of American life are at odds. Zittrain is co-founder of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society, which examines law, ethics, and the intersection of the Internet and civil society. Sulmeyer directs the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs’ Cyber Security Project, which investigates the effects and consequences of new technology on international security, political and economic development, and social welfare.Zittrain and Sulmeyer said that although aspects of this case are unique, national security and privacy have collided before, and technology’s rapid evolution will continue to make any balance between the two a moving target. GAZETTE: Do Apple and other tech companies have an ethical duty to assist the government in matters of national security?SULMEYER: My own thinking is that most companies, most of the time, actually do want to be helpful in matters of national security. I think what we’re seeing in this particular case is a manifestation of the trust between the tech companies and the government, not a fundamental disagreement over the need to respect privacy and the need to ensure the national security.ZITTRAIN: There are surely instances where a company should weigh the ethics of its decisions, and taken only on its own terms, this would appear to be such a case — especially because there’s no legal barrier to Apple helping out. But the circumstances here give rise to additional ethical and policy considerations. What are the second-order effects of Apple’s actively writing software to defeat its own security, and what might such practices do to the overall technology ecosystem? In other words, we need to stay focused on not just the urgent, but the important.GAZETTE: If Apple complies with the FBI’s request, does this open the door to future emergency requests from law enforcement?ZITTRAIN: It surely does. Here, the government isn’t just seeking information in Apple’s custody, such as customer communications or a password. It’s asking Apple to undertake software engineering. That’s what makes this, out of the box, very different from the usual requests that law enforcement makes of a private company.The demand on Apple is for its engineers to write software to defeat the very thing that they built to prevent [the phone’s security] from being cracked. If one government asks for that, so will others — indeed others might do it whether or not the U.S. successfully carries through with its demand.SULMEYER: It may, it may not. It all depends on how Apple chooses to implement a particular solution, and what standards the government requires in this case. You can understand why the tech companies view this as a slippery slope, but it doesn’t have to be.GAZETTE: How do you balance privacy concerns with national security?SULMEYER: This is not the first time that privacy and national security have created some friction for each other. In the ’70s, we had the eventual creation of the FISA [Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act] rules and the separate court. There have been ways of adapting to technology over time, but still with due consideration to core values. I think it’s this balance between interests and values that government and the private sector have always negotiated and continue to negotiate. There’s never a government policy or decision that isn’t some mix of interest and values. This just happens to be the latest manifestation of how our national security interests and privacy values create some friction.Whether the solution is going to look like past solutions, that I can’t tell you. It’s important to be able to have these kinds of discussions between the government and the tech community in a little bit more confidence, so that they negotiate proposals and ideas. There will be a time for scrutiny and for public comment and review and discussion. But it seems to me there also needs to be an antecedent period of time where they can try to get to ground truth with each other. We can get there; we can get to a positive solution where multiple parties feel like they’ve been successful. It just doesn’t look that way at the moment.ZITTRAIN: The usual way we strike a balance is through a legislature — like the U.S. Congress — trying to very mindfully strike a balance and to set boundaries on when and how law enforcement can make requests, and how those requests can be made publicly known so that they can be debated later. And an independent judiciary can weigh the legislature’s action against what the Constitution permits.But there’s a larger looming question. It’s not squarely brought by this case, but it’s close: “Should Apple and other companies be able to build tools that they themselves can’t crack?” (Shredder companies aren’t told to hold back on how many cross-cuts their shredders make in their customers’ sensitive documents.)This question is not squarely joined here because it seems like Apple, with enough effort, can crack its own security. But there are successive versions of iPhones that Apple could build — especially in the wake of a situation like this — that would be intended to be immune to the kind of order in this case. That’s what I meant by second-order effects. And if Apple doesn’t do it, others, including overseas manufacturers, can.That’s part of the so called “going dark” debate for which the Berkman Center just released a report coming out of a group with a very diverse membership. That debate is a much bigger one, with higher stakes. And to start demanding limits on what people’s hardware and software can do is a much heavier lift for the government to make.GAZETTE: Is Apple’s stance a principled stand in reaction to Snowden/WikiLeaks [cases of the past], or is it more of a branding and business decision?ZITTRAIN: They’re surely blended. Apple in particular has held out the fact that its business model, unlike some of its competitors — including Google — is not driven by advertising, which then in turn is driven by those companies processing personal information.Apple may have found some traction, if not in the market itself, in market observers thanking them for that position and encouraging them to take it further.But it’s tricky for Apple to have gone public with this, when I think in the public’s eye it looks like a no-brainer that they should offer help to get into this particular phone. Apple may feel that if it ends up compelled to help in this case, it may as a practical matter be very difficult to produce phones that governments around the world can’t demand access to.SULMEYER: It’s hard to say [whether Apple’s stance is principled or not]. I would not claim to be in touch with the climate and culture of Silicon Valley. But just like we talked about the government having its interests and its values, a lot of times its values are going to reflect and inform each other. I don’t think Apple’s being disingenuous, but neither do I think the tech companies are inclined to go out of their way to do things that will hurt their business interests. In any event, I don’t think they’re trying to hurt national security.GAZETTE: Now that there’s a stalemate, what do you expect will happen next, and how does this battle affect Apple’s business?SULMEYER: The good news for Apple is they make a great product and people like it. So, it’s an open question whether and how the resolution of this particular issue affects the overall perception of the product. The good news for Apple is that if they continue to make good products, that carries a lot of weight. But it would not be surprising if further litigation ensued.ZITTRAIN: Apple isn’t exactly refusing the government’s order; it’s not refusing to play ball. By continuing the legal process it’s precisely playing ball: asking the judiciary to fully weigh in on what the limits of government demands should be here. If it loses, it will no doubt undertake to obey the government order. That’s how the rule of law should work. In the meantime, I suppose the phone will sit in the FBI’s custody for a while — in a baggie in a drawer — while litigation settles a bit more the proper application of the All Writs Act and the extent to which Apple should have to make its engineers cooperate in creating the software needed to defeat the protections on the its phone.The real question is what their future phones will look like and how much of a role the U.S. and other governments will seek to play in trying to limit how Apple can build them.GAZETTE: Is Apple’s encryption really that good, or is the request an indication that the government’s technical sophistication is pretty weak?ZITTRAIN: This doesn’t have to do with the government’s lack of sophistication. Instead it has to do with Apple being uniquely positioned to sign certificates to make an Apple phone accept a software upgrade that it would otherwise reject, and that upgrade — a security downgrade, to be clear — would be what would make it possible to test lots of passwords against the phone until the government gets the right one.This interview has been lightly edited for clarity and length.
In pursuit of healthy aging Critical step found in DNA repair, cellular aging Experiments in mice suggest way to thwart DNA damage from aging, radiation Related Harvard study shows how intermittent fasting and manipulating mitochondrial networks may increase lifespan For this new study, the researchers looked at the rDNA, the most active segment of the genome and one that has also been mechanistically linked to aging in a number of previous studies. Lemos and lead author Meng Wang, a research fellow in the Department of Environmental Health, hypothesized that the rDNA is a “smoking gun” in the genomic control of aging, and might harbor a previously unrecognized clock. To test the idea, they examined epigenetic chemical alterations (also known as DNA methylation) in CpG sites, where a cytosine nucleotide is followed by a guanine nucleotide. The study homed in on the rDNA, a small (13-kilobase) but essential and highly active segment of the genome, as a novel marker of age.Analysis of genome-wide data sets from mice, dogs, and humans indicated that the hypothesis had merit: Numerous CpGs in the rDNA exhibited signs of increased methylation — a result of aging. To further test the clock, they studied data from 14-week-old mice that responded to calorie restriction, a known intervention that promotes longevity. The mice that were placed on a calorie-restricted regimen showed significant reductions in rDNA methylation at CpG sites compared with mice that did not have their diet restricted. Moreover, calorie-restricted mice showed rDNA age that was younger than their chronological age.The researchers were surprised that assessing methylation in a small segment of the mammalian genome yielded clocks as accurate as clocks built from hundreds of thousands of sites along the genome. They noted that their approach could prove faster and more cost-effective at determining biological and chronological age than current methods of surveying the dispersed sites in the genome. The findings underscore the fundamental role of rDNA in aging and highlight its potential as a widely applicable predictor of age that can be calibrated for all mammalian species.Importantly, the clocks respond to interventions, which could allow scientists to study how biological age responds to environmental exposures and lifestyle choices. Ascertaining an accurate biological age can indicate of how much better or worse an individual is doing relative to the general population, and could potentially help monitor whether that person is at heightened risk of death or a given disease. Work in Lemos’ lab has been partially supported by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the Lawrence Ellison Medical Foundation, and the Richard and Susan Smith Family Foundation, though the authors received no specific funding for this work. A newly discovered ribosomal DNA (rDNA) clock can be used to accurately determine an individual’s chronological and biological age, according to research led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The ribosomal clock is a novel biomarker of aging based on the rDNA, a segment of the genome that previously has been mechanistically linked to aging. It has potentially wide applications, including measuring how exposures to certain pollutants or dietary interventions accelerate or slow aging in a diversity of species, including mice and humans.“We have hopes that the ribosomal clock will provide new insights into the impact of the environment and personal choices on long-term health,” said senior author Bernardo Lemos, associate professor of environmental epigenetics. “Determining biological age is a central step to understanding fundamental aspects of aging as well as developing tools to inform personal and public health choices.”The study was published online today in Genome Research.Aging is exhibited by organisms as diverse as yeast, worms, flies, mice, and humans. Age is also the major risk factor for a plethora of diseases, including neurological diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. There are two types of age: chronological age, or the number of years a person or animal has lived, and biological age, which accounts for lifestyle factors that can shorten or extend lifespan, including diet, exercise, and environmental exposures. Overall, biological age has been shown to be a better predictor of all-cause mortality and disease onset than chronological age. Overall, biological age has been shown to be a better predictor of all-cause mortality and disease onset than chronological age.
The two are residents of Langsa and are believed to the ring’s pimps, according to the police.After receiving YN ‘sand HN’s testimony, officers then went on to arrest five other women aged between 22 to 32 years old who had reportedly been hired as sex workers.Arief said HN and YN had offered sex services through WhatsApp.”They charged Rp 500,000 [US$33.72] per woman for one booking and pocketed Rp 100,000 to Rp 200,000,” he said. Seven women have been arrested for their alleged involvement in an online prostitution ring in in Langso Baro district in Aceh.Langsa Police criminal investigation unit chief First. Insp. Arief S Wibowo said investigators uncovered the alleged prostitution ring after receiving information from local residents.”After an investigation, we arrested on Saturday two suspects identified as YN, 47 years old, and HN, 50 years old, in front of Harmoni Hotel in Langsa City,” Arief said in a statement. The women claimed they had to resort to prostitution because of financial difficulties, Arief said.”They said their involvement in online prostitution was due to economic reasons. They needed money to pay for their daily needs,” he said.Arief added that the Langsa Police only named HN and YN as suspects while the remaining five women were considered witnesses and had been released.Aceh is the only conservative region in Muslim-majority Indonesia that implements sharia. The provincial administration has fully enforced Qanun Jinayat since 2015. (nal)Topics :
The house has a resort-style pool.Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:37Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:37 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels720p720pHD432p432p270p270p180p180pAutoA, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.This is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenWhy moving to a ‘sister suburb’ can save you money00:37 The house at 151 Banksia Drive, Mount Crosby, sold for $841,250.BUYERS are getting more bang for their buck at Mount Crosby — and they are starting to realise it.Property is in hot demand in the outer-west suburb, with Place Graceville’s Karen Simons saying those on the house hunt have realised just how good value for money the area is. The kitchen at 151 Banksia Drive, Mount Crosby.“I think it’s a fairly undervalued area,” Ms Simons said.“You get a lot of home for a little price.”More from newsDigital inspection tool proves a property boon for REA website3 Apr 2020The Camira homestead where kids roamed free28 May 2019The recent sale of 151 Banksia Drive reflected that trend, with four written offers after the first open home, and 40 groups through at inspections over two weeks.“We had incredible interest,” Ms Simons said.“Out there, if you get half a dozen through at inspections you’re pretty happy, so that was a huge number of inspections.” Inside 151 Banksia Drive, Mount Crosby.The property, which is on a 6524sq m block, sold for $841,250.Ms Simons said the demand was so high for the property that they were currently negotiating an off market deal with another vendor in the area.“We had so many buyers left over who were really disappointed.“It just goes to show when people see a good product in a good location, they’re prepared to step up and pay what it’s worth.”
“Both the national government andprovincial government directives did not exempt coal exports from therestrictions. SMPC needs to show their legal basis for the continuation ofthese exports to show they are not in violation of these restrictions,”she further said. Antique lone district representative Loren Legarda seeks an explanation from the Semirara Mining and Power Corporation about the alleged entry of Chinese vessels to Semirara Island in Caluya, Antique amid lockdown. According to her, there had already been seven vessels in the island since last month. ABS-CBN NEWS “The export of coal from Semirarato the Chinese at this time is not an essential industry. So, why is there a needfor Chinese vessels? This important question begs for an answer. The welfare ofmy people is paramount,” Legarda said. MANILA – The Semirara Mining and PowerCorporation (SMPC) should give an explanation about the alleged entry ofChinese vessels to Semirara Island in Caluya, Antique amid the declaration of alockdown in the area, according to the province’s lone district representativeLoren Legarda. Legarda said in a statement on April 22 that there had been already sevenvessels since last month inspected by the Bureau of Quarantine, Bureau ofCustoms and Bureau of Immigration in the island.In January, Legarda added that she already gave a recommendation to temporarilydisallow the entry of Chinese vessels in Antique.She also questioned the legal basis of the exportation of coal during thiscoronavirus disease 2019 crisis. “I cannot reassure my constituentsthat all measures taken are sufficient until I have all the information I needfrom the company. Even the local governments are not clear on the protocolsthey follow,” the former senator added. Legarda has been contacting theofficials of SMPC for an explanation. Earlier this week, Save Antique Movementreleased photos and video footage on social media showing ships it claimed tobe Chinese vessels docking in the port of Semirara Island./PN
ATCHISON, Kan. – The Tag Team Challenge special, newly-sanctioned Atchison County Raceway’s first event for Xtreme Motor Sports IMCA Modifieds and IMCA Sunoco Stock Cars, will be held Sunday, April 17.IMCA Modifieds race for $1,000 to win in their Fast Shafts All-Star Invitational ballot qualifier while IMCA Stock Cars have a top check of $750.Extra money – $1,000 for the Modifieds and $500 for the Stock Cars – will be paid to the two-car teams with top point totals determined from qualifying and main event finishes.IMCA Speedway Motors Weekly Racing National, regional and Allstar Performance State points, but not local track points, will be awarded.Pit gates and the grandstand open at 4 p.m. Hot laps are 6:30 p.m. and racing is at 7 p.m. There is no entry fee and pit passes are $30.Grandstand admission is $12 for adults, $10 for seniors and military, $6 for kids ages 6-11 and free for ages five and under.More information about the Tag Team Challenge, postponed from this weekend because of cool temperatures, is available by calling 913 370-2520.First local track points will be given at Atchison on Friday, April 29.
The London Legacy Development Corporation took the decision to hand West Ham the long-term lease and its chair of the budget and performance committee John Biggs admitted a second deal with Spurs would be beneficial to the company. “The government has cut funding to the LLDC, so it’s pretty clear that it would welcome an approach from Tottenham, as the income generated would be a boost,” he said. “Retro-fitting a roof to the Olympic Stadium is an expensive exercise and Londoners will have to foot the cost of any overruns. The Olympic Stadium is a good option for Spurs fans and for taxpayers – although West Ham may have something to say about it – but I’m sure it would be possible to come to a ground-sharing agreement.” Press Association Sport understands that the Hammers would not just have a say on the matter, they would in fact need to approve any agreement that may be struck with London rivals Tottenham to utilise the Olympic Stadium – although it is believed the Hammers have yet to be approached with any such deal. The other serious options available to Tottenham appear to be stadium:mk, home of the MK Dons, and Wembley bu t even a move to the national stadium would be fraught with potential snags. With the venue restricted to 37 events per year due to their contract with Brent Council, the number of games Tottenham could host there would be lowered due to existing football commitments as well as concerts and other events. There have been over 30 events already at the stadium in 2014 so, if a similar scenario occurred in 2017, there would be severe limitations for Tottenham games. A possible scenario could see Spurs play the majority of their games at stadium:mk with their bigger, most appealing fixtures, played out at Wembley – similar to Saracens, who play their bigger European rugby ties at the stadium. Press Association West Ham have the power to prevent their Olympic Stadium home being shared with Tottenham for the 2017-18 season, Press Association Sport understands. The Hammers have been awarded a 99-year lease to become anchor tenants of the landmark London 2012 venue and are set to leave Upton Park for the 54,000-seater stadium in August 2016. But, with news that Tottenham’s own new stadium will not be ready for the 2017-18 season, they are now looking for an alternative temporary home – and the Olympic site is believed to be on a shortlist of possible solutions.
With an undefeated regular season behind them, the Liverpool boys bowling team fully expected the same kind of success when it traveled to Utica’s Pin-O-Rama for Sunday’s Section III championships.Yet the Warriors never could get on track, ultimately setting for third place in Division I (large schools) and Class A behind Baldwinsville and Oswego as Cicero-North Syracuse claimed fifth place.During the first two games, Liverpool posted solid totals of 1,036 and 1,050, but B’ville went 1,083 and 1,107 in those games to grab a lead it would never relinquish.The third game accentuated those differences, with the Warriors scoring 933 and the Bees 1,091 to go into the break at 3,281, Liverpool having to make up a 262-pin deficit in the afternoon session to win.Some of it did got away, the Warriors using the next two games of 1,049 and 978 to move into second place, but it fell back to 943 in the final game.B’ville won with a pinfall of 6,294. Liverpool, at 5,989, was 55 pins behind Oswego, who ended up second at 6,044 and posted the lone 300 game of the day from Eric Carson in the opener.Liverpool’s best individual series came from Devin Roberson, who peaked with a 243 in the fourth game and finished 24tth overall with a pinfall of 1,232.Zak Ormsby finished with games of 227 and 238 on his way to a 1,214 series, just ahead of Josh Winzens, whose 218 and 239 started a 1,202 series. Deacon Roberson had a 1,173 series with an opening game of 247 as Brandon Davis shot a 221 second game as part of a 1,168 set.C-NS started with games of 1,023 and 1,030, but never matched those totals the rest of the way. Instead, the Northstars were steady, finishing the morning session with 943 before afternoon games of 969, 952 and 960.The 5,877 pinfall left C-NS in fifth as Whitesboro took fourth place with 5,953, but Tyler Dottolo, helped by a 10-strike second game of 279, finished at 1,279 for seventh among individuals as B’ville’s Tanner Rozyczko (1,450) edged Central Square’s Dimiti Queior (1,423) for the top spot.J.J. O’Connell started with a 258 and, while not maintaining that pace, still finished 21st with a 1,245 series. Landon Spingler’s 222 highlighted a 1,163 series as Nick Wentworth got a 224 in his 1,142 series. Kyle Patterson shot 891 for five games.Share this:FacebookTwitterLinkedInRedditComment on this Story Tags: bowlingC-NSliverpool
Published on April 19, 2011 at 12:00 pm Contact Jon: [email protected] Comments Year in Sports: Part 1 of 9For Doug Marrone and the contingent of Syracuse players on the field at Rutgers, this scene was special. Following SU’s 13-10 win at Rutgers on Nov. 13, this group had ensured the Orange’s first bowl appearance since 2004.Seniors rejoiced. Four — maybe five — years of work finally paid off. Players bowled their helmets. After the game, SU’s head coach Marrone stood proudly at the podium to deliver his postgame press conference. His goal had been met.But for Athletic Director Daryl Gross, the work was just beginning before the program would eventually accept an invitation to the New Era Pinstripe Bowl in Yankee Stadium.That’s because Syracuse’s return to a bowl game meant a return to a system in which financial deficits are commonly a consequence of participating in a bowl game. It’s a system Jake Crouthamel, SU’s athletic director from 1978 to 2005, knew well.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text‘People don’t realize the huge amount of expense there is,’ Crouthamel said. ‘You’re taking the band, you’re taking cheerleaders, you’re taking some faculty members and administrators, you’re paying bonuses to coaches, you’re paying bonuses to some of the staff members, and your commitment to tickets can’t possibly all be sold.‘It’s really a major undertaking and it’s more red ink — as if we need more red ink.’Crouthamel said bowl games often ended up losing Syracuse University money. That was the case in the 2004 Champs Sports Bowl. That bowl game, which ended in a 51-14 loss to Georgia Tech, was the last time the Orange had played in a bowl game prior to the Pinstripe Bowl.But in the Dec. 30 Pinstripe Bowl, which the Orange won 36-34 over Kansas State, the university came close to balancing its expenses and revenue after the Big East conference distributed payouts to the six Big East football teams that played in a bowl, Gross said.‘We are happy to have been in a bowl game. It is a reward for a great season. The expenses and payout for the bowl are almost equal. We do foresee a small profit, which will be reinvested in the program as we continue its resurgence,’ Gross said in a statement.During a Feb. 9 University Senate meeting, Gross said the football team received a little more than $1 million by attending the Pinstripe Bowl, but ticket allotment and team expenses lowered that amount.Crouthamel said bowl revenue is always put back into the program to aid in overcoming the deficit of the program. ‘Anything extra that an athletic program can generate goes back into the program to cover the red ink,’ he said.SU’s athletic department declined to provide financial information pertaining to the football team’s appearance in the Pinstripe Bowl. As a private institution, the university isn’t required to release financial data. Pinstripe Bowl officials also declined to provide financial figures for this article.For Crouthamel, the costs of playing in non-BCS bowls have been overwhelming in the past and remain overwhelming today. But it would be hard to justify changing the current bowl system.‘It’s difficult to say let’s get rid of the system because, from a financial standpoint, the coaches don’t suffer, the staff doesn’t suffer, but the program suffers,’ he said.Crouthamel said SU was lucky financially to be invited to the Pinstripe Bowl.‘That’s a bus ride down there for the team instead of getting on an airplane and flying cheerleaders and band members and everybody else down there,’ he said. ‘That was a godsend from an expense standpoint.’Kansas State ended up making $125,089 from the bowl game, according to KSU’s 2010-11 Institutional Bowl Expenses report. Kansas State had to absorb 219 tickets while the Big 12 conference failed to sell 82 of its allotted tickets, for a total expense of $35,155.Kansas State’s total bowl expenses were $1,348,511. The university received an expense allowance from the Big 12 of $1,473,600, made up of an appearance fee and travel allowance.The Big 12 and Kansas State received a lower ticket allotment than the Big East for the Pinstripe Bowl because of Syracuse’s proximity to New York City, said Kenny Lannou, Kansas State’s director of athletic communications.‘We broke even pretty much, and I think that’s the case for most of the bowls outside the BCS,’ Lannou said. ‘I think the exposure, the experience, and then from a football standpoint, to get back to the postseason for recruiting and then the extra practices, I think it outweighs the cost.’Big East payoutAlthough the Pinstripe Bowl had a payout of $2 million to each of the participating schools, the SU football team never saw the money.The Big East shares all of its postseason revenue, a common trait among many of the country’s conferences. The payouts from each of the bowls are pooled together before being allocated to the teams that play in bowls. In the 2010-11 bowl season, six teams from the Big East took part in bowl games. Regardless of a win or loss in the bowl, both teams receive the same payout.The athletic directors of the Big East’s member schools agree on a preset amount the school will be paid for appearing in its respective bowl to cover its expenses, said Nick Carparelli, senior associate commissioner of the Big East. By having preset amounts, the conference may end up giving certain schools more money than the payout of the school’s bowl game, which helps to alleviate the issue of schools losing money by participating in bowl games.‘One of the philosophies behind being in a conference is that the conference as a whole generates greater revenue than any one school could generate on its own,’ Carparelli said.Each bowl team gets an appearance fee and a travel allowance from the Big East included in the payout. SU received a total of $1.6 million from the Big East, which is less than the $2 million Pinstripe Bowl payout. That payout included a $1.5 million appearance fee and a $100,000 travel allowance, Carparelli said.The teams know in advance what their payout will be, so they know if their spending will go under or over budget, he said.‘If they want to stay within the budget and make a little extra or if they come in under budget, that’s their business. If they want to spend more than their appearance fee for a given reason, that’s their prerogative as well,’ he said.The $1.5 million appearance fee given to Syracuse was the second largest fee allocated by the Big East this bowl season, trailing only Connecticut’s fee of about $2 million.West Virginia, which played in the Champs Sports Bowl in Orlando, Fla., on Dec. 28, received a $1.3 million appearance fee and an approximately $200,000 travel allowance from the Big East, said John Paquette, associate commissioner of the Big East. The Champs Sports Bowl had a payout of $2.13 million.Paquette said the conference’s travel allowance given out to its bowl teams ends up being between $100,000 to $300,000, depending on how far the school has to travel.Pittsburgh, which participated in the BBVA Compass Bowl in Birmingham, Ala., on Jan. 8, received an appearance fee of $1.1 million and a travel allowance of around $150,000 from the conference, Paquette said. The Compass Bowl had a combined payout of $1.5 million.E.J. Borghetti, senior associate athletic director at Pittsburgh, said in an email the rewards of playing in a bowl game outweigh the financial considerations. Some of these rewards are increased national exposure, a chance to play teams from different conferences and additional practice time.‘Even lower-profile bowls are televised by national networks,’ Borghetti said. ‘That benefits recruiting, alumni relations and the overall visibility of your program.’Ticket allotmentAnother concern of the bowl process is the ticket requirement every bowl places on participating schools.‘One of the obligations that a school has in accepting an invitation to a bowl game is to bring its fans,’ Carparelli said. ‘In every bowl agreement, there’s a ticket commitment that’s involved, and if a school sells all their tickets, then that’s a positive for a lot of reasons. If they don’t, the school is on the hook for the tickets they have not sold.’Connecticut was on the hook for 14,729 unsold tickets of the 17,500 it was allotted by the Tostitos Fiesta Bowl, according to the university’s 2010-11 Institutional Bowl Expenses report, meaning it had to absorb $2,924,385 in ticket expenses. When added to the university’s other expenses — including travel, lodging and meal expenses for the team, staff, band and cheerleaders — Connecticut ended up with a total of $4,280,998 in expenses.‘I think our ticket sales would’ve been increased if we were in a bowl that was a little closer,’ said Mike Enright, associate director of athletics at Connecticut. ‘Obviously Phoenix is far away and is an expensive place to fly to.’Despite playing in the Fiesta Bowl, which has a payout of $17 million, Connecticut was given an expense allowance from the Big East of $2,523,200. By participating in the Fiesta Bowl, Connecticut ended up losing more than $1.7 million.‘It’s really not the BCS’ concern on whether individual schools make or lose money on their games,’ said Paquette, the associate commissioner of the Big East.Although Connecticut lost money in the Fiesta Bowl, Enright said it was worth playing in the game to gain exposure for the football program and the university.After paying all of its bowl teams, the Big East takes the remainder of its BCS money and funds from its television contract and splits it up into eight equal shares — one for each Big East football member, Paquette said. The equal revenue share for each conference team has been reported as between $2 million to $2.5 million per school, he said.From the 2010-11 bowl games, the Big East received a net BCS revenue of $21.2 million as a conference with an automatic bid to the BCS. The conference had approximately $30 million in funds before the 2010-11 bowl payouts were allocated among the bowl-participating teams. Then the remainder was split into equal revenue shares to each Big East school, Paquette said.Champion in the redThe scene in Glendale, Ariz., was similar to the Syracuse postgame field celebration at Rutgers — on a much larger scale. After Auburn won the Tostitos BCS National Championship Game on Jan. 10, the program collectively rejoiced after it was surrounded by a scandal during the season.But in the current bowl system, Auburn lost more than $600,000 in the game.Auburn was allotted 17,400 tickets, according to Auburn’s 2010-11 Institutional Bowl Expenses report. The school had to absorb 2,456 unsold tickets, an expense of $781,825. When added to the university’s other expenses, Auburn spent a total of $2,901,706.The BCS National Championship Game had a payout of $17 million. But Auburn’s conference, the Southeastern Conference, pools its bowl revenue together and then splits it into 13 shares, said Scott Carr, senior assistant athletic director at Auburn. One share is given to each of the conference’s 12 teams, and the other goes to the league office, he said.Auburn received an expense allowance of $2,287,600 from the SEC, which failed to cover its more than $2.9 million in expenses.Similarly, in the Western Athletic Conference, each school’s bowl payout goes to the conference, and then the WAC gives each bowl team an expense allowance, said Mike Waller, associate athletic director at Boise State.‘We want the conference to be as successful as possible,’ Waller said. ‘If there’s money made or saved by the expenses of a bowl, then everybody in the conference helps share in that luxury.’But Boise State lost money in the MAACO Bowl Las Vegas on Dec. 22, which had a payout of $1 million. Boise State had to absorb 3,059 tickets, an expense of $168,245, according to the university’s 2010-11 Institutional Bowl Expenses report.Boise State’s total expenses for the bowl game were $585,603. The university was given only a $375,000 expense allowance from the WAC. At Boise State, like so many schools under the system, it’s only about breaking even.‘I would say that at Boise State, we try our best to break even,’ Waller said. ‘We’re pretty good at breaking even on what the conference gives us. If we’re in a BCS game, like the Fiesta Bowl, then that’s a different story because the payout is so much larger. But in a non-BCS game, we attempt very strongly just to break even.’[email protected] Facebook Twitter Google+